This article re-examines the issue of surrogacy in Genesis. It proposes some different factors, and questions some previous conclusions raised by other scholars, and especially examining feminist scholars approaches to the issue in the cases of Hagar/Abraham (and Sarah), and Bilhah-Zilpah/Jacob (and Rachel, Leah). The author examines these cases in the light of scriptural evidence and the original Hebrew to seek to understand the nature of the relationship of these complex characters. How much say did the surrogates have with regard to the relationship? What was their status within the situation of the text, and how should we reflect on their situation from our modern context?
Zucker, David J.
"In/Voluntary Surrogacy in Genesis,"
The Asbury Theological Journal:
1, p. 9-24.
Available at: https://place.asburyseminary.edu/asburyjournal/vol76/iss1/3