This essay concerns the failure by Canada's Indigenous people to fully apprehend and embrace the Christian doctrine of imago Dei. The concern is founded upon the negative self-perception and perceived inferiority of Aboriginal peoples as less-than the Caucasian majority. Is this a failure of transmission on the part of missionaries, or is it a failure of reception on the part of Aboriginals? The premise is that both the theology of mission and the practice of mission with Aboriginal people must take into account the issue of self-perception and the problem of identity formation. The question is asked, Is there a missiology which will affirm the Creator's love for diversity-for the particularity of his creation-that will better serve Canada's Aboriginal peoples? Understandings o f the Self and Identity are investigated from the disciplines of Sociology and Anthropology. A preliminary missiological discussion highlights the main features o f a proposed Aboriginal theology of Mission.