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1. Seow, C. L. A Grammar for Biblical Hebrew. rev. ed. Nashville: Abingdon, 1995. This is the foundation text for this course. We will proceed through the text systematically in each module, and it will be referred to often in the lectures and assignments. The text contains lessons which will help us learn the essentials of Biblical Hebrew grammar. It is useful to the student because it introduces actual references from the Old Testament beginning in lesson four. 2. Holladay, William. A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972. This is a standard dictionary. We use it because CHALOT has a simple, clear presentation making it ideal for the beginning student. 3. BibleWorks 6.0. Hermenuetika, Big Fork, MT. This software program will assist us in spotting grammatical forms of Hebrew words (also called “parsing”) and provide entries from a standard Hebrew dictionary (Brown, Driver, and Briggs) for quick reference. For a additional fee, one can obtain the full version of another larger dictionary, A Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament (HALOT). BibleWorks is also a powerful tool for doing Hebrew (and Greek) word studies. The program functions as a concordance (a.k.a. “search engine”) to find all usages of a word, phrase, or form and provides a quick and easy way to see how the recurrences of a word function in the co-texts. 4. Elliger, K., and W. Rudolph. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1967-77. This is the Hebrew Bible whose base text comes from the oldest complete manuscript of the Old Testament,Codex Leningradensis (ca. 1008 A.D.), with only slight alteration. Referred to as BHS, we will read texts from it as we gain the appropriate competency. 5. Scott, William R. A Simplified Guide to BHS. Berkley, CA: BIBAL, 1987. This short booklet explains in part the masora and the critical apparatus of the BHS (the notes surrounding the Hebrew text on each page of a BHS page). 6. Arnold, Bill T. and John H. Choi. A Guide to Hebrew Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Forthcoming) This text is a treatment of Hebrew syntax, dealing with the various functions of parts of speech in Hebrew, as well as how individual words work together to give meaning to a text. I will assign specific readings from this text in the later portion of the semester.

Publication Date

January 2004


Asbury Theological Seminary


ExL, Fall, OT501, Hebrew, Languages



OT 501 Survey of Biblical Hebrew