This article seeks to answer two questions: What is the range of teaching on sanctification in Protestantism and what ought a Wesleyan to believe on holiness? In response to the first question, we summarize the different positions on sanctification in the major theological traditions of Protestantism, beginning with the most optimistic views and ending with the most pessimistic. The similarities and differences among the major Christian traditions are brought to the fore, as well as the nuances of understanding among Wesleyan-Arminians. We seek to foster an appreciation for each tradition's understanding of holiness, while arguing for the need of the unique Wesleyan perspectives in evangelicalism.

In response to the second question, we define the core Wesleyan teaching on sanctification. While Wesleyan-Arminian views on holiness are not monolithic, there are common features to them, helping to define the center of "the Wesleyan view." To abandon these features is to leave our theological distinctives on sanctification and compromise our needed perspective in the contemporary Church. We seek to demonstrate that the Wesleyan position brings together the best of each Christian tradition on sanctification into a more holistic view and offers the greatest hope of redemption in the present life.